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Abstract Art

A significant and diverse genre of visual art that intentionally departs from direct representation of the physical world or recognizable objects.


A rigorous and scholarly process that seeks to determine the authenticity, provenance, condition, and value of a work of art.

Appraisal Report

A formal and comprehensive document produced by a qualified appraiser that provides a detailed assessment and valuation of an artwork or collection of artworks.

Art Market Research

Systematic and multidisciplinary study of the art market.

Art Movements

Distinct and identifiable periods or styles within art history characterized by shared artistic principles, aesthetics, and philosophies.

Art Nouveau

Influential and distinctive art movement that emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, primarily in Europe and North America.

Artist Attribution

Scholarly and systematic process of identifying and assigning the authorship of a work of art to a specific artist or artistic workshop.

Authenticity Assessment

A scholarly and systematic examination conducted by experts to determine whether a work of art is a genuine.


Meticulous and systematic process of documenting and organizing artworks or collections of artworks in a structured and standardized manner.

Condition Assessment

Systematic and scholarly process conducted by experts in the field of fine art, cultural heritage preservation, and conservation.

Condition Report

Systematic and comprehensive document used to assess and document the physical condition of an artwork or object.


Specialized and scholarly expertise in the critical evaluation, authentication, and attribution of artworks.

Contemporary Art

The diverse and dynamic body of artistic work created and produced by artists in the present era.


A revolutionary and influential art movement that emerged in the early 20th century, primarily associated with the work of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque.


A radical and avant-garde art movement that emerged during and after World War I in Europe.


A curated presentation of artworks that serves as a public display and a significant event within the art world.


A significant art movement that emerged in the early 20th century, particularly in Germany.


Artworks, styles, or approaches that represent the recognizable human figure or other identifiable objects and subjects from the physical world.


Techniques applied to the analysis of artworks to uncover hidden information, authentication, condition, or reveal alterations and forgeries.

Historical Documentation

A wide range of written, visual, and archival sources that provide information about the historical and contextual aspects of artworks, artists, art movements, and the art world.


A pivotal art movement that emerged in the late 19th century, primarily in France.

Market Forecasting

Systematically analyzing and predicting trends, developments, and future conditions within the art market


An accomplished and highly skilled artist who has mastered their craft.


A prominent art movement that emerged in the mid-20th century, particularly in the United States, and had a profound impact on the development of contemporary art.

Modern Art

A period and a distinct style in the history of art that emerged in the late 19th century and extended through much of the 20th century.

Modern Master

An artist who achieved a high level of recognition, influence, and artistic accomplishment during the Modernist period in art history.

Object Labeling

The practice of providing detailed and structured information about an art object, artifact, or work of cultural or historical significance.

Old Master

A highly accomplished and celebrated artist who was active during the Renaissance, Baroque, or other earlier historical art movements, typically from the 14th to the 18th centuries.


Documented history and chain of ownership of an artwork from its creation to the present day.

Public Art

Art intentionally created to be displayed or experienced in public spaces and intended to engage a wide and diverse audience.


"Realism" refers to a significant art movement that emerged in the mid-19th century, particularly in Europe and the United States, in response to the time's cultural, social, and political changes.


Surrealism is characterized by its exploration of the irrational, the subconscious, and the dreamlike, often resulting in art that defies conventional logic.


“Valuation” of fine art is the comprehensive process of determining the economic or market value of artworks.