A term used to describe a visual art practice that employs three dimensions. Sculptures can be made of any material however quite often you will find wood, bronze, clay, marble, ceramic, metal and paper as the medium of choice. Sculptures can be free-standing, meaning you can walk or move around them for 360 degrees or they can be relief, meaning an image was carved on a two-dimensional surface. A relief is only partly attached to a background surface. Sculpture is one of the oldest, most durable forms of artistic expression.
Various types of metals can be used in sculptural art, with bronze being the most popular alloy metal for casting. Durable and hard, yet malleable and fairly easy to bend or hammer into desired shapes, metal can also be melted and molded during the casting process. Metals fall into two types: ferrous and non-ferrous. Ferrous metals include cast iron or wrought iron—any metals that contain iron. Non-ferrous metals include aluminum, alloys, bronze, stainless steel, copper. Non-ferrous metals have been used in numerous practical and artistic applications since the beginning of civilization.
Contemporary art encompasses the art of today, produced by living artists. The art of today benefits from all the previous art movements in history as artists work in a wide array of mediums, formats, and styles, while transgressing art forms: music, architecture, video, performance art, living installations, technology.
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