Claude Monet also known as Oscar-Claude Monet or Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840 – December 5, 1926) was a founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy of expressing one's perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein-air landscape painting. The term Impressionism is derived from the title of his painting Impression, Sunrise.
How Claude Monet's passion for plants became his crowning achievement- Julian Beecroft There is a film clip of Claude Monet from 1915 in which he is standing in front of a large canvas set up on an easel beside his famous pond. The 74-year-old artist is elegantly dressed in a white linen suit with a panama hat to protect him from the afternoon sun. A cigarette dangles from his lips as he works rapidly on the canvas in front of him. At the end of the short clip, Monet steps away from the canvas and saunters along the path that takes him back to the house. The garden at Giverny, which even then was famous around the world, looks immaculate, the embodied dream of paradise that millions have since come to know. It was 32 years since he had first set eyes on Le Pressoir, the pink farmhouse with bright-green shutters that stood out among all the other, more demure properties he had thought about renting that spring. Best of all, the garden was large with a magnificent view across his beloved valley of the Seine. The orchard, the potager and the rather formal beds hemmed in by low box hedges in front of the house were all things he would change over the coming years. But that spring and early summer, with his finances in a parlous state, he set about planting vegetables to give the family things to eat. And, with the help of Alice, his future wife, and their children, he also planted flowers, as he had in previous houses he had rented upriver towards Paris – as he put it, ‘to give me things to paint on rainy days’.